Individuals respond differently to stress. Personality, general health and the support of friends and colleagues all affect this response. A group of people exposed to the same type of stressors may experience different health effects. Nonetheless, the body’s physical response to stress is generally the same for everyone. It is commonly known as the ‘generalised stress response.’
Excessive stress has been associated with heart disease, high blood pressure, digestive ailments, skin rashes, insomnia, nervous or emotional disorders, substance abuse and interpersonal and family dysfunction.
As long as stressful experiences are brief and infrequent, the body quickly returns to normal. In nature, this phenomenon is known as the ‘fight or flight’ reaction. But a person who is in a continuous state of stress throughout every working day may experience a wide variety of potential health effects.